A law assuming computer evidence is reliable – and which saw subpostmasters prosecuted by the Post Office – must be revisited to avoid more miscarriages of justice, the professional body for the IT industry has said.
BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT has called for an end to the legal presumption that data from computer systems is always correct, with no burden on the prosecution to prove it.
This follows the recent clearing by the Court of Appeal of 39 former sub-postmasters and postmistresses who had been convicted of false accounting and theft due to flaws in the Post Office Horizon IT system.
From 2000, the Post Office brought charges against 736 staff, some of whom were sent to prison, based on data from Horizon.
The special powers of the Post Office to bring its own prosecutions should similarly be reviewed immediately, BCS added.
It has also welcomed the inquiry into the case being given a statutory footing with powers to compel witnesses and demand documentary evidence.
Paul Fletcher (pictured), CEO of BCS, said: “When flaws in IT systems are made central to a miscarriage of justice we expect organisations to be accountable for their corporate actions.
“This case uncovered a range of issues that are key to the reputation of our industry, including the relationship between technology and organisational culture as well as the vital importance of meeting independent standards of professionalism, trust and ethics.
“With so many lives so severely affected we are adding our members’ voice to support for a public judge led enquiry. We are also calling for a swift review of how computer evidence is treated by the courts. Organisations relying on data from computer systems to support prosecutions should be required to prove the integrity of that data.
“This level of transparency is essential to retaining public trust in IT which is a huge force for good in all our professional and personal lives, as the pandemic has proved."
Automated systems danger
Dr Sam De Silva, partner at international law firm CMS and chair of BCS Law Specialist Group, said: “The Post Office scandal highlights the dangers of accepting without question the output of automated systems as reliable evidence.
“There is currently a legal presumption that the computer is always right; the Post Office could rely on the fact that the courts assumed the system to be functioning well.
“It was for the Post Office staff to prove that the outputs and logs from the computer system were flawed or not accurate. Yet how could non-IT specialists be expected to prove this when even some experienced IT professionals would find it a challenge to do so.
“If the Post Office had been required to prove that its computer system was operating reliably the case may well have had a different outcome.
“As one of the few institutions in the UK with its own powers of investigation and prosecution, the Post Office appears to have pursued suspected sub-postmasters in an aggressive way that led to a huge miscarriage of justice. The case raises separate questions over whether the alleged victim organisation should ever be able to launch private prosecutions themselves.”
The Appeal Court said in its judgement earlier this year that the Post Office knew of “serious issues about the reliability” of the Fujitsu developed IT system yet continued to bring “serious criminal charges against the sub-postmasters on the basis of Horizon data.”
Image from BCS