Digital ministers survive reshuffle

As widely predicted, Cabinet Office minister Francis Maude survived prime minister David Cameron's most dramatic reshuffle - confounding the pundits, so did the local government secretary and secretary of state for work and pensions.

Despite at least 40 appointments and changes to ministerial portfolios announced today, the individuals overseeing the most challenging programmes to reform public services with digital technologies remain in place.

At the Cabinet Office, Francis Maude remains in post, though his colleague Nick Hurd, minister for civil society, was sacked on Monday evening. He is replaced by Brooks Newmark, the Braintree MP known for his lively opinions on Twitter. Oliver Letwin continues as minister for public policy.

Against most pundits' predictions, Iain Duncan Smith remains in charge at the Department for Work and Pensions - and the mission-critical universal credit programme. Eric Pickles remains as secretary of state for communities and local government.

One significant appointment is that of Ed Vaizey, promoted to minister of state at the Department for Culture, Media and Sport and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, with responsibility for digital industries.